Improving access for the informal sector to tourism in the Gambia This 40 page paper (2003) considers tourism in the Gambia and a pro-poor project based there; it includes a methodology, defines the problem by providing a background to tourism in the area; specific initiatives are outlined regarding those who work in the sector including fruit sellers, juice pressers, guides and the craft markets. It also contains lists of tables and figures.

 Practical strategies for pro-poor tourism: a case study of the St. Lucia heritage tourism programme This is a 28 page case study (2001) with a focus on St Lucia and is part of the larger programme working toward a pro-poor tourism strategy for poorer regions, which aims to make the tourism sector more sustainable, more equitable and more focused on the needs of the poor. It considers whether tourism, as a key economic sector in this area, has generated substantial benefits to the poor. A table sets out actions which can be employed by the programme in order to involve poor people in tourism.

UCOTA : Uganda community tourism association : a comparison with NACOBTA This 33 page document (2001) is a case study written as a contribution to a project on 'pro-poor tourism strategies'. This project was a collaboration of a number of organisations including the Overseas Development Institute (ODI) and Department for International Development (DFID). Six case studies were commissioned, results of which are provided; these include a number of papers which have separate records in Intute.

Pro-poor growth strategies in Africa This 66 page document is the result of a meeting which took place in Kampala, Uganda in 2003. Discussion includes tourism in developing countries with a focus on Africa. It asks the question whether tourism can be pro-poor and whether pro-poor tourism can be sustainable. The paper uses case studies to illustrate points made.

Joint venture decision making framework for community-based nature resource management areas This is a 20 page study (2001) which aims to develop a database and decision-making framework for establishing joint venture partnerships. The objective is to use the framework as material and tools for awareness and capacity building (workshops, courses and manuals) for partnerships; refining contractual relationships and financial models for evaluating proposals and for negotiating or renegotiating joint venture partnerships. All southern African countries were studied where Joint Venture partnerships have been formed between the state, communities and the private sector for nature-based tourism enterprises.

Working with the private sector on pro-poor tourism This 18 page document (2003) discusses the experience of working with the private sector in the tourism industry from both a development and poverty perspective. The engagement of business from a pro-poor perspective is considered with two initiatives drawn on as examples; the first is the Sustainable Tourism Initiative (STI) and the second, a Southern African programme ‘Pro-Poor Tourism: Pilots in Southern Africa'.

Tourism issues affecting the poor for use in tourism codes This two page document (2001) sets out tourism issues, or definitions, which particularly impact the poor. Following research in this area, a large number of issues that were prioritised by the poor were revealed. The list is based on ‘pro-poor tourism strategies’ and particularly on interviews with poor people involved in six case study sites. These issues have been summarised in order to inform the socio-economic components of existing or new codes.

Transforming roles but not reality? Private sector and community involvement in tourism and forestry development on the Wild Coast, South Africa This 115 page document (2003) follows studies in South Africa looking at sustainability in institutional, organisational and policy reform around land, water and wild resources, in particular the relationship between the private sector and community. The main discussion points are how do people in this area gain access to and control over land and other resources; how do emerging institutional arrangements in the context of decentralisation affect poor people’s access to these resources; and lastly, how are the concerns of poor people represented in policy processes concerning natural resources.

Impacts of tourism on rural livelihoods : Namibia's experience This 34 page document (2000) assesses the wide range of impacts that tourism has on the livelihoods of rural residents in Namibia. It firstly illustrates that a focus on livelihoods offers a useful perspective on tourism for enhancing local benefits. Taking a livelihoods perspective helps identify the wide range of impacts that matter to local people. This perspective differs from others which tend to focus exclusively on economic, commercial or environmental impacts. It also looks beyond local benefits which focus on job creation and cash income. Secondly, the paper aims to show how tourism’s contribution to livelihoods can be enhanced by adjusting decisions on what is developed and how, in ways that reflect the livelihood priorities of local people.