Institute For The Study Of European Transformations

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ISET (Institute for the Study of European Transformations)

ISET is based at London Met University. "ISET aims to bring an interdisciplinary approach to research questions arising from transformations taking place across Europe and in Europe’s relations with the wider world." Research interests include migration, EU enlargement, demographics, post-communities; changing relationships between age groups, sexualities, genders and ethnicities, quality of life and environment. Details of research projects and research opportunities are given. From


Pakistan Trackbacks (0)

Pakistan : Foreign and Commonwealth Office

This site was created by the Uk Foreign and commonwealth office to provide information about British relations and foreign policy with Pakistan. It includes press releases, statements and speeches. Many of these relate to the situation of military rule imposed by General Musharraf in 2007 and the assassination of Benazir Bhutto.

Pakistan: Chatham House resources This website is maintained by leading UK think tank Chatham House ( (formally known as The Royal Institute of International Affairs) . It provides free access to information about its reaserch programmes relating to Pakistan. This includes access to some articles, meeting transcripts and reports which it has published since 2005. These include discussion of international security, the military rule of General Musharraf; the assassination of Benazir Bhutto and security crises concerning relations between India, Pakistan and the ownership of nuclear weapons.


U.S. Presidential Election 2008

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American presidential elections 2008: ITN Source compilation

ITN Source (formerly ITN Archive) is the commercial company which provides access to footage from the film libraries of leading news services including, Reuters, ITN, Channel 4, Granada, British Pathe, FOX News and FOX Movietone and other specialist collections. These cover all aspects of economic, political, social, entertainment and sports news from the early 20th Century to the present day. This section contains clips of interviews and debates with 2008 American presidential election candidates. Materials are sourced from ITN, Fox News and Reuters coverage. Technical and copyright information is displayed on the website. From

Hungary, 1956

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Hungarian uprising: ITN Source compilation

ITN Source (formerly ITN Archive) is the commercial company which provides access to footage from the film libraries of leading news services including, Reuters, ITN, Channel 4, Granada, British Pathe, FOX News and FOX Movietone and other specialist collections. These cover all aspects of economic, political, social, entertainment and sports news from the early 20th Century to the present day. This section contains over 40 clips from materials relating to the 1956 Hungarian uprising against the Soviet union. They include Pathe newsreels of the events. Technical and copyright information is displayed on the website. From


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EU Election Observation Mission to Kenya 2007

This site is maintained by the European Commission. It provides information about the EU observation mission to the 2007 kenyan elections. It includes background facts about the remit of the mission and EU relations with Kenya as well as all press releases and full text reports covering the elections and associated political violence.

Kenya's elections: key challenges 2007

This site provides free access to a 5 page report of a meeting which took place as part of the Chatham House Africa Programme meeting on 14 December 2007.It features contibutions from Henry Maina, Warwick University and Jeremy Lind, Research Officer, LSE discussing issues faced by the 2007 Kenyan presidential elections. users should note that this discussion took place before the elections were held.

Kenya votes

A voter education website created with the assistance of NDI (US non profit organisation the National Democratic Institute). to cover the 2007 presidential elections. It contains information on the process of voting, the political parties and candidates. This includes links to individual websites of candidates, election campaign manifestos and kenyan discussion forums. Users may also view comment submitted by Kenyan voters. These include interviews on YouTube, blog postings and emails.


2007 International Privacy Ranking

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The 2007 International Privacy Ranking
Source: Privacy International

Summary of key findings

  • The 2007 rankings indicate an overall worsening of privacy protection across the world, reflecting an increase in surveillance and a declining performance o privacy safeguards.
  • Concern over immigration and border control dominated the world agenda in 2007. Countries have moved swiftly to implement database, identity and fingerprinting systems, often without regard to the privacy implications for their own citizens
  • The 2007 rankings show an increasing trend amongst governments to archive data on the geographic, communications and financial records of all their citizens and residents. This trend leads to the conclusion that all citizens, regardless of legal status, are under suspicion.
  • The privacy trends have been fueled by the emergence of a profitable surveillance industry dominated by global IT companies and the creation of numerous international treaties that frequently operate outside judicial or democratic processes.
  • Despite political shifts in the US Congress, surveillance initiatives in the US continue to expand, affecting visitors and citizens alike.
  • Surveillance initiatives initiated by Brussels have caused a substantial decline in privacy across Europe, eroding protections even in those countries that have shown a traditionally high regard for privacy.
  • The privacy performance of older democracies in Europe is generally failing, while the performance of newer democracies is becoming generally stronger.
  • The lowest ranking countries in the survey continue to be Malaysia, Russia and China. The highest-ranking countries in 2007 are Greece, Romania and Canada.
  • The 2006 leader, Germany, slipped significantly in the 2007 rankings, dropping from 1st to 7th place behind Portugal and Slovenia.
  • In terms of statutory protections and privacy enforcement, the US is the worst ranking country in the democratic world. In terms of overall privacy protection the United States has performed very poorly, being out-ranked by both India and the Philippines and falling into the “black” category, denoting endemic surveillance.
  • The worst ranking EU country is the United Kingdom, which again fell into the “black” category along with Russia and Singapore. However for the first time Scotland has been given its own ranking score and performed significantly better than England & Wales.
  • Argentina scored higher than 18 of the 27 EU countries.
  • Australia ranks higher than Slovakia but lower than South Africa and New Zealand.


Accountability: World Bank Responses To Civil Society

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Accountability in Complex Organizations: World Bank Responses to Civil Society
Source: Harvard University, Kennedy School of Government, Faculty Research Working Paper Series

Civil society actors have been pushing for greater accountability of the World Bank for at least three decades. This paper outlines the range of accountability mechanisms currently in place at the World Bank along four basic levels: (1) staff, (2) project, (3) policy, and (4) board governance. We argue that civil society organizations have been influential in pushing for greater accountability at the project and policy levels, particularly through the establishment and enforcement of social and environmental safeguards and complaint and response mechanisms. But they have been much less successful in changing staff incentives for accountability to affected communities, or in improving board accountability through greater transparency in decision making, more representative vote allocation, or better parliamentary scrutiny. In other words, although civil society efforts have led to some gains in accountability with respect to Bank policies and projects, the deeper structural features of the institution — the incentives staff face and how the institution is governed — remain largely unchanged.

+ Full Paper (PDF; 725 KB)


Lessons For Africa From China’S Success Against Poverty?

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Are there lessons for africa from China’s success against poverty?
Source: World Bank Policy Research Working Papers

At the outset of China’s reform period, the country had a far higher poverty rate than for Africa as a whole. Within five years that was no longer true. This paper tries to explain how China escaped from a situation in which extreme poverty persisted due to failed and unpopular policies. While acknowledging that Africa faces constraints that China did not, and that context matters, two lessons stand out. The first is the importance of productivity growth in smallholder agriculture, which will require both market-based incentives and public support. The second is the role played by strong leadership and a capable public administration at all levels of government.

+ Full Paper (PDF; 135 KB)


Pakistan And Benazir Bhutto

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FT in depth: Pakistan This site is maintained by the Financial Times. It provides access to FT resources relating to the political and economic situation of Pakistan in 2007/8 following the imposition of a state of emergency by General Musharraf and the assassination of Benazir Bhutto. It offers photographic images of political violence, discussion and comment from FT journalists and an obituary and biographical information about the political career of Ms bhutto. Most resources can be accessed free of charge.

CSIS resources on Pakistan This website is maintained by leading American think tank the Center for Strategic and International Studies. It provides free access to a collection of its press releases, articles, papers and full text reports relating to politics and international security in Pakistan. These include discussion of relations with India, nuclear weapons, elections, the government of General Musharraf and role of former prime minister Benazir Bhutto who was assassinated in December 2007.

Death of Benazir Bhutto: BBC special report This site was created by the BBC news service to cover the assassination of former Pakistani prime minister Benazir Bhutto in December 2007. It provides free access to a obituary and biography of Ms Bhutto, comment from journalists and world leaders, plus photographs and video clips of the assassination, funeral and subsequent political violence.


Tariq Ali

IRAQ Islam and Politics Socialism Afghanistan Middle East Pakistan Trackbacks (0)

Tariq Ali This is the official homepage of Taiq Ali, renown socialist political campaigner and historian. It provides free access to a selection of his articles, book reviews and audio interviews. These include materials published in the New Left Review as well as extracts from many of his major book titles. Topics covered include the future direction of socialism, politics and Islam, commentary on political events in the Middle East, Afghanistan, Iraq and Pakistan.


UNICEF: 3 Years After Tsunami

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The United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) reports on the organization's progress in helping children in countries affected by the tsunami of 26 December 2004 in the areas of education, health, nutrition, water and sanitation, HIV/AIDS and child protection. The report Three Year UNICEF Tsunami Anniversary Monitoring Report is available in pdf (full-text, 292 KB).
Related: UNICEF: 2 years after tsunami

Permanent Link: UNICEF: 3 years after tsunami UN Pulse

Climate Action

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Climate Action (e-book) is an international communication platform established by Sustainable Development International in partnership with the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) to educate businesses, governments and NGOs as to what they can do to reduce their carbon footprint and adapt to the impacts of climate change. The publication and supporting website will assist institutional investors in analysing and comparing companies that are responding to the business risks and opportunities resulting from global warming.

 Permanent Link: Climate Action  UN PULSE

Trade And Development Aspects Of Insurance Services

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Trade and Development Aspects of Insurance Services, recently published by UNCTAD, highlights economic issues of importance for developing countries to strengthen insurance markets (full text, pdf, 2.76 MB). From the announcement:

As one of the key pillars of financial services and of the trade and development matrix, insurance services have a spillover effect on the rest of the economy and play a crucial role in economic development. The sector, which is in the midst of rapid liberalization, also holds great potential for growth, particularly in the developing world.
Permanent Link: Trade and Development Aspects of Insurance Services  UN Pulse

UNAIDS Web Site Re-Designed.

United Nations Aids and HIV Trackbacks (0)

The Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) recently unveiled its new look design web site. The new site include many rich new features including a live Cosponsor newsfeed, a new Knowledge Centre which houses all UNAIDS key data and resources and a new-look publications section and multimedia centre housing video, audio and photographic materials and improved navigation menu.

Permanent Link: UNAIDS Web site  UN Pulse


World Bank Group - Year In Review 2007

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The World Bank Group's Year in Review 2007 is available on its web site. The review covers the work of the Bank in 2007 in areas such as development assistance, climate change, agriculture, finance, governance, health, gender and education.

Permanent Link: World Bank Group - Year in Review 2007  UN Pulse

African Union-United Nations Hybrid Operation In Darfur

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The African Union-United Nations Hybrid Operation in Darfur (UNAMID) [took] over from the African Union Mission in the Sudan (AMIS)... [on] 31 December 2007.

At full strength, the new mission will be the UN’s largest peacekeeping operation, with some 20,000 troops and more than 6,000 police and civilian staff. For more information, see the press release, Mission page on the Department of Peacekeeping Operations website, or the UNAMID website.

Permanent Link: UNAMID becomes active UN Pulse

International Trade Statistics, 2007. WTO

World Trade Organisation Trade Trackbacks (0)

The World Trade Organization (WTO) has issued International Trade Statistics 2007 (full text, pdf, 8.43 MB). The report provides statistics on trade in merchandise and commercial services; data tables are available in Excel and pdf formats.

UN Pulse:  

Permanent Link: International Trade Statistics, 2007

2008 U.S. Presidential Election

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Economic Choices '08

LII Item:

Compilation of reports, commentary, and blog entries providing "analysis of the business and economic impact of the 2008 [presidential] election." Some of the topics discussed are health care, NAFTA, mortgages and real estate foreclosures, investing, and taxes. From the "Nightly Business Report," a public television program that provides "business news in a fast-paced format."

How Do Caucuses Work?
This essay explains how caucuses work, and outlines the differences between presidential primaries and caucuses, which are both "a means for each political party to let voters nationwide select their party's presidential nominee." The Iowa caucus (the first of the presidential election year) is used as an example. Includes links to further information about the U.S. presidential election system. From HowStuffWorks.
LII Item:

Iowa Caucus 2008
Official website for the Iowa Caucus, in which political party members gather in January to make policy decisions and to select candidates, and which is the earliest step in the electoral process for U.S. presidential candidates. Provides background about the caucus (such as how the caucuses began, how they work, and how Iowa gained its first-in-the-nation status) and links to candidate websites. Also includes links to facts about Iowa.
LII Item:

Election '08: How Green Is Your Candidate?
Interviews, fact sheets, and other material "on the [2008] presidential candidates' energy plans and environmental positions." Includes details about voting records, comments, and positions on greenhouse gas emissions, coal power plants, nuclear power, fuel economy standards, and other energy and environmental topics. From Grist magazine; interviews are in conjunction with Outside magazine.
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Pakistan's Political Crisis

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Collection of features, views, and analysis about the political situation in Pakistan, including General Musharraf's declaration of emergency rule in November 2007 and the December 2007 assassination of Benazir Bhutto. Includes a timeline about Pakistani politics back to 1988 when Benazir Bhutto was sworn in as prime minister, background about individuals involved (such as Musharraf, Bhutto, and former prime minister Nawaz Sarif), the militant threat, and the diplomatic options. From the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC).

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Wars And Conflicts In Africa Dates: March 28-30, 2008

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Wars and Conflicts in Africa Dates: March 28-30, 2008, Venue: The Texas Union on the University of Texas at Austin Campus

The University of Texas at Austin is pleased to announce a three-day conference focusing on the theme of wars and conflicts in Africa.
All through history, wars and conflicts have shaped human existence. They have influenced issues like state formation, boundary consolidation, cultural harmonization, identity definition and commercial relations. Indeed, though wars are normally seen as negative events, they can be seen as having some positive results, such as the emergence of alternative systems of profit and power to replace the breakdown of the ancien régime. In short, while they destroy, they can also create new forms of social capital.
Africa has had its own (some will say disproportionate) share of wars and conflicts. Presently, the continent accounts for up to 40% of global conflicts. Although these conflicts have devastated the continent, cost millions of lives, and contributed significantly to retarding the socio-economic development of many countries, they have nonetheless shaped the historical evolution of the continent. Consequently, understanding the contents of their occurrence, the patterns of their prosecution, and methods of their resolution are crucial to advancing knowledge about the continent. This is why the 2008 conference takes a deep look at wars and conflicts in Africa. While focusing on some broad thematic issues, the conference hopes to discuss how these thematic issues manifested themselves in the course of the continent’s history.
Thematic Issues
1. Causes of wars and conflicts and how these have changed over time
2. Strategies of prosecution
3. Rules of engagement
4. Weaponry
5. The role of “sex” and plunder and other methods of providing incentives for combatants (sex as rape or “sexual slavery” as a way of abusing civilians, breaking-down resistance, humiliating people)
6. Concept of “enemy” or “opponent” in the context of war and conflict
7. Taboos in conflict
8. Witchcraft and Juju in the context of conflict
9. Heroes and heroines in conflict
10. Economics of conflict/war economy (also manpower, finance, technology, motives and consequences)
11. Gender dimensions of wars and conflicts
12. Commerce in the course of wars and conflicts
13. Strategies and mechanisms for conflict resolution: conquest, secession and power sharing, exile
14. Managing the “vulnerable” in the course of conflict
15. The concept of “alliances” in the course of conflict
16. The complexities of “external” involvement: arms trade, international underground markets (timber, gemstones, minerals, drugs), peacekeeping, humanitarian assistance
17. Refugees and internal displacement
18. Humanitarian Aid
19. Civil Wars and Post-War Reconstruction
20. Secessionist conflicts
21. Military and politics
22. Media and war
23. Representation of wars and conflicts in fictions
24. Cultural consequences of wars
25. Conflict in the strengthening or weakening of modern states and national consciousness
1. Pre-historic
2. Pre-colonial
3. European conquest and African resistance
4. Wars of liberation
5. Post-Independence Civil Wars
6. Post-Independence International Wars (as for example in the case of the DRC, now Ethiopia-Somalia, etc.)
Conference participants will be drawn from various countries. Graduate students are encouraged to attend and present papers. Since war cuts across so many disciplines, we welcome participants from the humanities, sciences, and social sciences. The conference will provide time for scholars from various disciplines and geographical locations to interact, exchange ideas, and receive feedback. Submitted papers will be assigned to particular panels according to similarities in theme, topic, discipline, or geographical location. Additionally, selected papers will be published in book form.
Thanks to Fareeda Jadwat for this information. 

Labour Crossing: World,Work And History - International Conference - September 2008

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5 to 8 September 2008 Johannesburg, Gauteng, South Africa

Contact name: History Workshop

This conference has two main aims: first, to contribute to a transnational labour history, and, second, to explore the connections between, and social imaginations of, different types of workers, working class movements and types of work.

Organized by: History Workshop, Centre for Sociological Research, IALHI, International Conference of Labour and Social History


Thanks to Fareeda Jadwat for this information.