Nuclear Materials Security Index. Nuclear Threat Initiative (NTI)

Atomic weapons, including nuclear proliferation Nuclear power Trackbacks (0)

The Nuclear Threat Initiative (NTI) Nuclear Materials Security Index is a first-of-its-kind public benchmarking project of nuclear materials security conditions on a country-by-country basis. The NTI Index, prepared with the Economist Intelligence Unit (EIU), was created to spark an international discussion about priorities required to strengthen security, and most importantly, encourage governments to provide assurances and take actions to reduce risks.

The project draws on NTI's nuclear expertise, the EIU’s experience in constructing indices, and the reach of the EIU’s global network of 900 analysts and contributors. NTI—working with an international panel of nuclear security experts and a number of technical advisors—focused on the framework and priorities that define effective nuclear materials security conditions. The EIU was responsible for developing the Excel-based model and gathering the data.

The NTI Index assesses the contribution of 32 states with one kilogram or more of weapons-usable nuclear materials toward improved global nuclear materials security conditions, using five categories: (a) Quantities and Sites, (b) Security and Control Measures, (c) Global Norms, (d) Domestic Commitments and Capacity, and (e) Societal Factors. An additional 144 states, with less than one kilogram of weapons-usable nuclear materials or none at all, are assessed on the last three of these categories.

+ Link to full report (PDF; 5.78 MB)

From Docubase

Bringing The Billions Back : Illicit Capital Flight From Africa

Africa Europe Capital flight Trackbacks (0)

- How Africa and Europe can end illicit capital flight

Every year huge unreported flows of money are leaving developing countries, ending up in rich countries or tax havens. If properly reported this illicit capital flight would generate at least US$160 billion per year in tax revenue - more than one and a half times the total annual aid to the developing world. These are resources that could be crucial in the fight to combat poverty.    

 

Contrary to popular belief, only a small share, three to five percent, of illicit capital flight stems from corruption. Instead, almost two thirds originate from multinational companies evading to pay tax, and one third is a result of criminal activities such as trade with humans, drugs and weapons. Despite the fact that illicit capital flight has severe consequences for developing countries – it cancels investment, undermines trade, hurts competition, worsens income gaps and drains hard-currency reserves – awareness of the measures needed to end it is low.  

 

As a percentage of GDP, capital flight from Africa is larger than from other parts of the world. But Africa cannot stand alone to end it, cooperation and political will is required by decision makers in Europe as well as in Africa.    

 

This new report is a part of Forum Syd's publication series Global Studies. It explains illicit capital flight, how it happens, its magnitude, its consequences for the poor, and measures needed to end it. It also presents illustrative case studies from Kenya, South Africa and Tanzania.

 

To read the entire report, click here

 

From : FORUM SYD IN AFRICA.

Forum Syd is a Swedish democracy and rights organization with the aim to strengthen the role of civil society in its efforts to bring about global justice and sustainable development.