The symptoms of tuberculosis depend on where in the body the TB bacteria are growing. Tuberculosis bacteria often grow in the lungs, causing pulmonary tuberculosis.
- Bad Cough for longer than three weeks either dry, yellow or green mucus and in some cases bloody mucus
- Rapid Weight Loss
- Shortness of Breath
- Slight Fever (early hours of the morning)
- Night Sweats
- Lack of appetite
The client is examined at a Municipal primary healthcare clinic and asked to give a morning sputum sample and another the next day. These samples are sent to a laboratory and the results are available in 48 hours. Only one of them needs to be positive to indicate TB infection.
If the result is positive, the client will be counselled and advised on the benefits of being put on the TB control programme. If both sputum samples are positive, treatment is given immediately. An x-ray may also be taken, but the sputum tests confirm diagnosis. If the TB infection is severe, the client will be referred to a specialist TB clinic.
Remember that TB can be Cured!
Colleagues, Students, Visitors and Friends, I hope that life on Campus has been kind to you as we approach the half way mark through the month of October. Monday 15 October is Global Handwashing Day and I'd like to remind you of these 4 resources to help you advocate Infection Control and General Wellbeing in the weeks and months ahead:-1. Please remember to Tweet #iwashmyhands on Global Handwashing Day and to play the Global Handwashing Initiative (GCI) social media game, World Wash Up, to ensure that they reach their goal of trending worldwide on Twitter. The game can be found at globalhandwashing.org/ghw 2. Please circulate the link to the GHD map where people can log in their activities (including attaching photos, etc.) after the event: http://globalhandwashing.org/ghw-day/activities .We especially want to count the number of people worldwide involved in celebrating Global Handwashing Day so please count the # of people at your event and let us know! We also welcome stories, photos and any other documentation you would like to share.
3. More tools and resources are available on the GCI website: globalhandwashingday.org
4. Please display the UCT Global Handwashing Day Poster in your Restroom, Office, Lab, Waiting Room, Reception Desk, Canteen - simply everywhere. Lets make an effort to stay healthier, safer, stronger - Together! You can download the A4 Poster from our website http://ohs.uct.ac.za
Safety Greetings from the SHE Team.
You could have won some awesome prizes if you visited the exhibitions in the Jameson Hall on 04 - 06 September 2012. HR hosted another Staff Wellness expo on Upper Campus which had a brand new exhibitor, OSS Office Furniture. This company exhibited their innovative desktop solutions for people who work with multiple monitors. They also showcased some portable ergonomic solutions for people who work using laptops/netbooks/iPads/Tablets etc. If you would like to find out more about their office solutions please give Gail a call at 021-551 2655.
On 04 September we had 5 winners and on 06 September we had 1 main winner, we congratulate our 6 Staff Wellness Winners and hope that they will find their prizes very useful. Now don't be sad if you missed out. If you keep checking out our website and blog, or read the Monday Paper safety articles on a regular basis then you are bound to win some of our future prizes. The important thing is to keep up to date with whats happening on Campus. Have a safe week.
Do you know how to help someone having an epileptic fit? No - well read on...18 - 24 June is National Epilepsy Week
What is the best first aid for a seizure? Here are some tips if you or a loved one has epilepsy.
- Always carry medical identification. In an emergency, knowledge of your seizure disorder can help the people around you maintain your safety and provide the appropriate treatment.
- Make sure family,friends and co-workers know what to do if you have a seizure. (See below.)
- Avoid potential dangers e.g. high places or moving machinery at home, school or work if you have active seizures. Though there is less risk if your seizures are under control, your attention should focus on the specific risks of certain activities (such as mowing, working around farm machinery, hot appliances, etc.).
- It is important for you to remain active, but you should chose your sports and other activities intelligently. You may want to avoid contact sports, but if your seizures are well controlled, you can lead a normal life. The buddy system works well, so have another person with you who knows you have seizures and what to do if you have one. Activities such as baseball, bike riding, canoeing, horseback riding, or hockey can be made safer by wearing helmets/life jackets and by having another person with you, but this is true for all people.
- If you take anticonvulsant meds, do not suddenly stop taking it or change the dosage without consulting your doctor. The type of anticonvulsant meds you are prescribed depends on the type of epilepsy you have, and the dose is determined by your weight, age, gender, and other factors.
- Be alert to the risks of possible drug interactions between your epilepsy meds and other medications you may take, including over-the-counter drugs. Always call your doctor or pharmacist if you are not sure what interactions could occur before taking any medication. Most pharmacists will do this for you if they know that you are on any treatment.
- Avoid alcohol, as it can interfere with the effectiveness of your medication and may lower the brain's seizure threshold.
What Should I Do for a Person Who Has a Seizure?
- Loosen the clothing around the person's neck.
- Do not try to hold the person down or restrain him or her, this can result in injury.
- Do not insert any objects in the person's mouth; this can also cause injury.
- Reassure concerned bystanders who may be upset and ask them to give the person room.
- Remove sharp objects (glasses, furniture, and other objects) from around the person to prevent injury.
- After the seizure, it is helpful to lay the person on his or her side to maintain an open airway and prevent the person from inhaling any secretions. (Recovery position)
- After a seizure, the person may be confused and should not be left alone.
- In many cases,especially if the person is known to have epilepsy, it is not necessary to call Emergency Services.
- Call CPS (ext.2222/2223/2121) if the seizure lasts longer than five minutes, or if another seizure begins soon after the first, or if the person cannot be awakened after the fits have stopped. If you are concerned that something else may be wrong, or the person has another medical condition such as heart disease or diabetes, you should contact a doctor immediately.
- Log onto the Epilepsy South Africa website for more information on Epilepsy support services http://www.epilepsy.org.za/facts/medical.php
Dear Colleagues, Visitors, Students
The SHE Dept is very excited to announce that in April we have a week of safety activities planned at selected venues on Campus. As soon as the venues are confirmed, I'll be blogging, tweeting & facebooking the info to all of you. We hoped to have secured all of our venues by now, but you know what a squeeze it is to try to get a teaching or lecturing venue on Campus. So at this point we are busy bees zipping about getting the posters, flyers, speakers, exhibitors and all the other safety gurus lined up to provide you with a sweet week of safety info and fun from 23 - 26 April. Don't forget that the 27 April is a public holiday and therefore our safety "week" only has 4 days. Follow us on Twitter and Facebook, give us your feedback and ideas. We would love to hear your thoughts and implement your safety suggestions.
The Safety Health & Environment Dept (SHE) are very excited to finally, be on the blog scene. We hope that you will find the blogs useful and interesting. Some very useful facts that you may not be aware of about the SHE Dept.:- (1) We have an advisory role on campus and are willing to assist you with health and safety matters pertaining to occupational safety, (2) the Occupational Health Unit forms part of the SHE Dept and conduct occupational safety medicals which are specific to the risks related to certain high risk activities of certain job functions/work performed by UCT employees. These medicals are based on an Occupational Risk Exposure Profile (OREPs), (3) We conduct risk assessments, safety audits and offer free safety related workshops on Campus. The SHE Dept has a network of voluntary safety personnel who help us by being our eyes and ears across campus. These safety volunteers are permanent UCT employees who have been appointed as either a Safety Rep (SHE Rep), a First Aider or an Evacuation Marshal within their Faculty or Dept. In order to ensure that these volunteers are equipped with the basic knowledge and skill to assume their voluntary functions, the SHE Dept funds accredited training during working hours to ensure that the University, the Volunteer and the UCT Community benefits - in essence a win-win situation. We have some very exciting safety events planned for the year and I'll be blogging some more about these details in time to come. If you would like some more information about the SHE Dept, our services, the training/workshops on offer or would like to view our monthly safety newsletter (SHEQ Mate), please follow the link and join us on our safety journey. http:///www.ohs.uct.ac.za Safety Greetings...